Monday, September 10, 2007

Bill O'Reilly Underreports Sanctuary Cities - OJJPAC Provides The Real Numbers, And They're Much Higher

On September 8th, 2007, I discussed a list of 38 sanctuary cities published by Fox News Channel's much-ballyhooed Bill O'Reilly. However, his "list", which he's posted on, not only appears incomplete, but it was last updated in April 2006. One must wonder why O'Reilly would under-report this issue when there is more current information available.

And there is indeed more current information available. Enter the Ohio Jobs & Justice Political Action Committee (OJJPAC). They are an immigration reform activist group who've taken it upon themselves to monitor America's cities and counties to determine their contribution to the illegal alien problem. And their list of sanctuary cities is not only longer than O'Reilly's list, but is more current, last updated on August 27th, 2007. This list is published in full towards the bottom of this post.

Both lists contain Anchorage and Fairbanks. However, much to the chagrin of the Voice Of Deseret blog, only the OJJPAC list includes Salt Lake City and Provo.

Understanding terms and definitions is necessary to resolve conflicts. Here's OJJPAC's criteria for identifying sanctuary cities:

Despite a 1996 federal law [the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act ( IIRIRA )] that requires local governments to cooperate with Department of Homeland Security's Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), many large urban cities (and some small) have adopted so-called "sanctuary policies." Generally, sanctuary policies instruct city employees not to notify the federal government of the presence of illegal aliens living in their communities. The policies also end the distinction between legal and illegal immigration--so illegal aliens often benefit from city services too.

A formal sanctuary policy is a written policy that may have been passed by a local government body in the form of a resolution, ordinance, or administrative action--general or special orders, or departmental policies. Formal sanctuary cities are the easiest to identify since their actions to become a sanctuary city are public record.

An informal sanctuary policy is a policy that does not exist on paper but nonetheless is carried out by government workers (administrative, service, or safety). An informal sanctuary policy is more difficult to document, since no obvious public record exists. Since no public records are available, a local government's (e.g., township, village, or city) actions in regards to interacting with illegal aliens will evidence its "unwritten" policy regarding illegal aliens. Statements and actions by public officials, including safety forces, can indicate what is the unwritten policy.

Note that OJJPAC includes cities with merely an "informal" sanctuary policy. Perhaps Bill O'Reilly limits his list to those cities which have a formal sanctuary policy.

But does Anchorage really have a formal sanctuary policy? An Assembly resolution, AR No. 2003-223, sponsored by liberal Assemblyman Allan Tesche and passed by the Anchorage Municipal Assembly in 2003, is murky. The memo bans local officials from cooperating with certain enforcement efforts of the USA Patriot Act, but imposes only a conditional ban on Anchorage police cooperating with immigration officials. There's a "safety" clause that authorizes such cooperation when public safety requires it. Here's the relevant excerpt:

Section 4 (1): That an agency or instrumentality of the Municipality may not, unless necessary to protect the safety of people, use Municipal resources or institutions for the enforcement of Federal immigration matters, which are the responsibility of the Federal government.

The highlighted "safety" clause would seem to give law enforcement discretion in determining when it is necessary to intervene for the sake of public safety. It probably explains why then-Mayor George Wuerch, a paleoconservative Republican, did not veto it.

Consequently, it may be unfair to characterize Anchorage as a sanctuary city on the same level as National City, CA, which has an absolute "no-cooperation" policy. And Anchorage Mayor Mark Begich agrees. According to a report in today's Anchorage Daily News, Begich once again vigorously denies that Anchorage is a sanctuary city, and has e-mailed his objections to O'Reilly.

However, in the same ADN report, we learn that Assemblyman Paul Bauer is crafting a potentially-controversial ordinance directing APD officers to ask for proof of legal residency from selected individuals during traffic stops. While this would remove the sanctuary city designation from Anchorage, it might open up questions about "profiling". Bauer needs to make sure his proposed ordinance is "court-proof" before releasing it. Local discussion of this issue appended to the end of the story and on ADN reporter Kyle Hopkins' official Alaska Politics blog. Registration, which is free, required to post a comment.

Now here's OJJPAC's master list of sanctuary cities:


Anchorage (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Fairbanks (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service) [Mayor of Fairbanks disputes the listing. However, OJJPAC has verified the listing of Fairbanks, Alaska, as having a sanctuary policy by the Congressional Research Service in an 2005 report. OJJPAC has requested that the city administration forward its policy demonstrating that it is not a sanctuary city--but none has been forwarded as of 8-9-07.]


Chandler, AZ (Added 5/30/07, Congressional Research Service Report, 2006)
Phoenix, AZ


Bell Gardens, CA
City of Industry, CA
City of Commerce, CA
Cypress, CA
Davis CA
Diamond Bar, CA (6/26/07 Disputed by city. Currently being researched to verify.)
Downey, CA
Fresno, CA (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Lakewood, CA
Los Angeles, CA (Congressional Research Service)
Long Beach, CA
Lynwood, CA
Maywood, CA
Montebello, CA
National City, CA
Norwalk, CA
Oakland, CA (Added 8-27-07. Source: 4/25/07 story by KCBS 740 AM. Link here.)
Paramount, CA
Pico Rivera, CA
So. Gate, CA
San Bernardino, Ca. (Added 6/7/07, reader submitted)
San Diego, CA (Congressional Research Service)
Santa Cruz, CA (Added 5/30/07, documented by KSBW news)
San Francisco, CA (Congressional Research Service)
San Jose, CA (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Sonoma County, CA (Congressional Research Service)
Vernon, CA
Watsonville, CA (Added 5/30/07, documented by KSBW news)
Wilmington, CA


Aurora, CO
Commerce City, CO
Denver, CO (Congressional Research Service)
Durango, CO (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Federal Heights, CO
Fort Collins CO
Lafayette, CO (Added 6/3/07, documented by reader)
Thornton, CO
Westminster, CO


New Haven, CT (Added 6/4/07. TV News 8: City council votes 25-1 to issue ID cards to illegals)
Springfield CT (Disputed)


DeLeon Springs, FL
Deltona, Fl
Miami, FL
Sanford, FL (7-23-07. Listing disputed by City of Sanford, under review.)


Dalton, GA (Added 5/30/07. 6/18/07 Listing disputed as inaccurate by the City of Dalton, GA. Currently being researched.)


Chicago, IL (Congressional Research Service)
Cicero, IL (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Evanston, IL (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)


Cambridge, Mass. (Source: Boston Globe. First passed resolution in 1985)
Chelsea, Mass. (Added: 8-14-07 Source: Chelsea government website with text of sanctuary policy.)
Orleans, Mass. (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)


Portland (Added 5/31/07 Note: Maine resident reported that Portland city council passed sanctuary legislation)
State of Maine (Added 5/31/07 Note: Maine resident reported that the governor signed a sanctuary executive order)

Baltimore, MD (Congressional Research Service)
Gaithersburg, MD
Takoma Park, MD (Reported that City ordinance passed some 20 years ago; Congressional Research Service)


Ann Arbor, MI (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Detroit, MI (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)


Minneapolis, MN (Congressional Research Service)
St. Paul, MN
Worthington, MN (Added 5-30-07 Note: This is where a Swift plant was raided by ICE in December, 2006)


Reno (Added 5-31-07)

New Jersey

Bridgeton, NJ (Added 6-3-07) [7-27-07 Disputed by a reputed farm worker advocate, see note below.]
Camden, NJ
Fort Lee, NJ
Hightstown, NJ (Added 5-30-07)
Jersey City, NJ
Newark, NJ (Added 6-3-07)
North Bergen, NJ
Trenton, NJ
Union City, NJ
West New York, NJ

New Mexico

Albuquerque, NM (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service; 8-14-07 KOB-TV 4 Eyewitness News report)
Rio Ariba County, NM (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Santa Fe, NM (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)

New York

Bay Shore, NY
Brentwood, NY
Central Islip, NY
Farmingville, NY
New York City, NY
Peekskill, NY [Disputed, being researched]
Riverhead, NY
Shirly/Mastic, NY
Spring Valley Village, NY (Added 7-25-07)
Uniondale, NY
Westbury, NY

North Carolina

Charlotte, NC
Durham, NC (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Raleigh, NC
Winston-Salem, NC


Columbus, OH (7/5/07 Source: 5/10/07 Columbus Dispatch article stating illegal aliens in misdemeanor cases are not reported to ICE)
Painesville, OH (7-19-07 Source: 7-18-07 Cleveland Scene article) [8-9-07 Disputed by Painesville's City Manager, under review.]


Oklahoma City (de facto)
Tulsa (6-3-07 Note: Tulsa city council is discussing changing its sanctuary policy.)


State of Oregon * (8-9-07 Congressional Research Service) *(See note below)
Ashland, OR (8-9-07 Congressional Research Service)
Gaston, OR (8-9-07 Congressional Research Service)
Marion County, OR (8-9-07 Congressional Research Service)
Portland, OR


Austin, TX (Congressional Research Service)
Baytown, TX (6-13-07 Local reader observation)
Brownsville, TX
Channelview, TX (6-13-07 Local reader observation)
Denton, TX
Dallas, TX
El Cenizo, TX (6-13-07 Congressional Research Service)
Ft.Worth, TX
Houston, TX (Congressional Research Service)
Katy, TX (Congressional Research Service)
Laredo, TX
Mcallen, TX
Port Arthur, TX (6-13-07 Reader/resident observation)
San Antonio, TX [Note: The Sanctuary status of San Antonio is disputed, being researched.]


Provo, UT
Salt Lake City, UT


Fairfax County, VA
Virginia Beach, VA (Added 6/3/07)


Seattle, WA (Added 5/30/07; Congressional Research Service)


Madison, WI (Congressional Research Service)


Jackson Hole, WY

Washington, D.C.

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